Our newsletter focuses on various aspects of economic and social development through a gender lens. In the past, we have sent out newsletters on topics such as gender differences in time-use, female entrepreneurship, the gig economy, social exclusions, and climate change. If you are interested in knowing more about development and gender, the newsletter would make a great read for you!
In each edition, we compile readings to help you understand the topic in detail. We often include infographics to highlight key points and datasets for interested researchers to explore research gaps. Editions also include jobs shared by WiEP members over the WhatsApp group, information about the group's activities, and a space for members to share their work with a bigger audience.
You can find old editions of the newsletter here. Subscribe to receive new editions directly in your inbox!
The newsletter is curated by members of the Newsletter Working Group. Email us at if you would be interested in joining the WG or would like to curate an edition!
Gender differences in time use
Time use data reveals how, partly due to gender norms and roles, men and women spend their time differently. There is an unequal distribution of paid and unpaid work time, with women generally bearing a disproportionately higher responsibility for unpaid work and spending proportionately less time in paid work than men.
We compile papers to understand the gender gap in time use, datasets you can use to research time use, and an infographic on how time use surveys are conducted.
Around the world, women own and manage significantly fewer businesses than men.
This edition of the newsletter focuses on female entrepreneurship. In particular, we compile readings on constraints to female entrepreneurship (such as gender norms, and traditional institutions), micro-enterprises in low-income countries, and female entrepreneurship in India. We also highlight stories of inspiring women from each state of North-east India, who set up independent businesses, and uplift other women.
The gig economy and women
While the gig economy exhibits some new features, on the whole it represents the continuation (and in some cases deepening) of long-standing structural, and gendered, inequalities. This means that, as the gig economy grows, focused action to leave no one behind becomes increasingly critical. At the same time, gig work is likely to be experienced differently in economies characterised by high levels of informality.
This edition features an infographic, along with readings on women's engagement with the gig economy across countries and sectors.
Identity and Social Exclusion
In this edition we explore the possible ways in which we can capture this element of intersecting identities, and it's impact at the margins. We look at the existing literature that has captured the impact of socio-economic factors on social exclusion, and explore if similar theoretical settings can also reveal information about intersection of identities and it's marginal impact on exclusion and marginalisation when applied to existing census and survey data.
To understand the theoretical modeling of social exclusion, we show how a particular class of models (multinomial models) has been used to study different aspects of identity and marginalisation. For those interested in conducting research on identity in India, we also collate a few data sources and identify possible research questions they can answer.
Letter from the Editor's desk
The special 10th issue contained seasons greetings and a letter from the desk of Prerna Kundu, the Chief Editor of the newsletter.
It contains a brief history of the group, and major milestones achieved through 2020 - from the inception of the group to a growing community. The letter was our small way to thank our wonderful volunteers who work on our newsletters, organise reading groups and R sessions, manage the twitter account and come up with fresh ideas for the group.
Women and Climate Change
Across societies the impacts of climate change affect women and men differently. Despite women being disproportionately affected by climate change, they play a crucial role in climate change adaptation and mitigation. Women have the knowledge and understanding of what is needed to adapt to changing environmental conditions and to come up with practical solutions. But they are still a largely untapped resource. Restricted land rights, lack of access to financial resources, training and technology, and limited access to political decision-making spheres often prevent them from playing a full role in tackling climate change and other environmental challenges.
This newsletter features readings on the gendered impact of climate change on women, narratives in research on climate and women and interesting initiatives focused on climate change solutions.
This edition of the newsletter is meant to serve as an introduction to Feminist Economics. We cover resources (from articles to Youtube videos and podcasts) to help you learn about the fundamentals and history of Feminist Economics. We also include research done by Feminist Economists to illustrate how a feminist lens translates into research on topics ranging from poverty and social protection to manual scavenging.
The edition was curated in collaboration with Rethinking Economics India Network (REIN)
Intra-household decision making
Early economic theory traditionally treated the household as a single unit. In these unitary models of the household all members have the same utility function the same preferences. There is no bargaining process and hence there is no correlation between household expenditures and who makes the household decisions. In the non-unitary models of the household, it is assumed that each household member has a different utility function and therefore has different preferences. A bargaining process takes place within the household and decisions are made according to each member’s bargaining power.
This edition of the newsletter compiles readings on gender asymmetries in intra-household decision making, and how this affects outcomes for women.
Financial Inclusion and Women
Increasing women’s financial inclusion is important as women disproportionately experience poverty, stemming from unequal divisions of labor and a lack of control over economic resources. Many women remain dependent upon their husbands, and about one in three married women from developing countries have no control over household spending on major purchases (United Nations, 2015). About one in ten are not consulted about the way their own earnings are spent (United Nations, 2015).
In this edition of the newsletter we compile readings on financial literacy, financial inclusion and digital inclusion - with a focus on women.
Agriculture and Women
Women make essential contributions to agricultural and rural economies in developing countries. Their roles vary considerably between and within regions and are changing rapidly in many parts of the world, where economic and social forces are transforming the agricultural sector. In this edition of the newsletter, we compile readings on the gender divide in agriculture.
Stories from the field
For the fourth edition, we featured personal experiences of four women who have travelled across, or lived in, various parts of India to collect data and work with communities at the grass-roots level. The aim of the interviews was to highlight the challenges of working in the field as women, and think about ways in which we can make fieldwork safer and more rewarding for women. The newsletter also contains articles that contain perspectives from other organisations and guidelines for data collection in a post-Covid world.
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Women
The third edition of our newsletter explores Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in order to understand the causes and impact of IPV. The focus is on women in developing countries, and how they are likely to be affected by the pandemic and the lockdowns imposed in several countries. While increasing violence against women due to Covid-19 necessitates research and policy support, ethical and safety considerations are magnified when it comes to remote data collection. We provide resources that address these concerns directly.
Covid-19 and women
The second edition of our newsletter explores some of the gendered impacts that COVID-19 is having on our society. We draw on existing research and statistics to highlight the different realities that women and men are facing during the pandemic. Across several socio-economic and political dimensions, women and girls are disproportionately being affected by the pandemic with the immediate effects manifesting themselves in the form of gender based violence, unpaid burden of care, health and education. The readings also cover how policy changes are required in order to protect women from long term effects of the pandemic.
Development through a gender lens
This edition focuses on development issues through a gendered lens. The readings cover how preschool expansion influences maternal employment, why parents invest in the education of girls, an exciting intervention on gender curriculum, son preference, the climate smart village approach and its role on gender equality and more!
This group was started with the acknowledgement of the lack of diversity in our field and the need to create inclusive spaces and critically think about why we intimidate and turn away talent- mostly from underrepresented minorities. We compile essential readings on the experience of women and minorities in the field, and how we can and should be doing better.
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